Biochemical Test of Francisella tularensis subsp. tularensis


The New York State Health Department (NYSDOH) is responsible for protecting and promoting the health of New Yorkers. The NYSDOH operates various programs and services that address public health issues such as infectious diseases, environmental health, chronic diseases, emergency preparedness, health care quality and access, and health equity. The NYSDOH also conducts research and surveillance to monitor and evaluate the health status and needs of the population.

One of the functions of the NYSDOH is to provide laboratory testing and identify pathogens that cause diseases in humans and animals. The NYSDOH operates the Wadsworth Center, the states public health laboratory and one of the nations most advanced biomedical research institutions. The Wadsworth Center performs various tests, from routine clinical diagnostics to specialized molecular and genomic analyses, to support diagnosing, preventing, and controlling infectious diseases.

One of the pathogens the Wadsworth Center tests for is Francisella tularensis subsp. tularensis, the causative agent of tularemia, is also known as rabbit or deer fly fever. Tularemia is a rare but potentially fatal zoonotic disease that can affect humans and animals. The NYSDOH monitors the occurrence and distribution of tularemia in New York State and provides guidance and resources for healthcare providers and the public on preventing and treating this disease.

This article will discuss some of the biochemical characteristics of Francisella tularensis subsp. tularensis is used to identify and differentiate from other subspecies and related bacteria. We will also review some of the methods and challenges of performing these tests in a laboratory setting.