Virulence factors, Pathogenesis and Clinical manifestations of Listeria monocytogenes


Listeria monocytogenes is a type of bacteria that can cause a serious infection called listeriosis in humans and animals. Listeria monocytogenes is widely distributed in nature and can be found in soil, water, plants, and animal feces. It can also contaminate various foods, especially raw or unpasteurized dairy products, cold deli meats, and fresh produce. Listeria monocytogenes can survive and even grow at low temperatures, such as in refrigerators, making it difficult to control by food preservation methods.