Penicillium chrysogenum- An Overview


Penicillium chrysogenum is a fungus that belongs to the genus Penicillium, which comprises over 300 species of molds that are widely distributed in nature. Penicillium chrysogenum was formerly known as Penicillium notatum, the original source of the antibiotic penicillin, which was discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1928. Penicillin is a β-lactam compound that inhibits the cell wall synthesis of Gram-positive bacteria, and has been used to treat various infections such as pneumonia, gonorrhea, and staphylococcal infections.