Lysosomes- Definition, Structure, Functions and Diagram


Lysosomes are specialized cell organelles that contain hydrolytic enzymes and act as the digestive system of the cell. They break down various substances, such as food particles, bacteria, viruses, worn-out organelles, and cellular debris, into simpler molecules that can be recycled or eliminated by the cell. The word "lysosome" comes from the Greek words "lysis" (breakdown) and "soma" (body), indicating their role in cellular catabolism.