Candidiasis and types of Candidiasis


Candidiasis is a fungal infection caused by a group of yeasts called Candida, usually Candida albicans . Candida is a normal part of the human microbiota and is commonly found in the mouth, gut, and female genital tract. However, when there is an overgrowth of Candida, it can cause infection.

Candidiasis can affect different parts of the body, such as the mouth, throat, esophagus, vagina, skin, nails, and internal organs . Candidiasis can be classified as mucosal, cutaneous, systemic, or antibiotic-associated depending on the site and type of infection.

Candidiasis is also known as moniliasis or yeast infection . It is a common cause of vaginal infections in women and oral infections in infants and people with weakened immune systems . Candidiasis can also occur in people who use antibiotics, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs that disrupt the normal balance of microorganisms in the body .

Candidiasis can be diagnosed by microscopic examination, culture, or blood tests depending on the location and severity of the infection . Candidiasis can be treated with antifungal drugs such as clotrimazole, nystatin, fluconazole, or amphotericin B . Candidiasis can be prevented by maintaining good hygiene, nutrition, and immune function .