Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE)- Mad Cow Disease


Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), also known as mad cow disease, is a fatal neurological disorder that affects cattle. It is one of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), a group of diseases that cause sponge-like degeneration of the brain and spinal cord in various animals. BSE was first identified in the United Kingdom in 1986 and has since been reported in several other countries, mainly in Europe. BSE has a significant impact on animal health, public health, and trade.