Biochemical Test of Burkholderia pseudomallei


Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacterium that causes melioidosis, a serious and potentially fatal infectious disease that affects humans and animals. Melioidosis is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, especially Southeast Asia and northern Australia, where it is considered a major public health problem. The disease can manifest in various forms, ranging from acute septicemia and pneumonia to chronic abscesses and osteomyelitis. The mortality rate of melioidosis is high, even with appropriate antibiotic treatment, and relapses are common.

Burkholderia pseudomallei is also classified as a category B bioterrorism agent by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), due to its high infectivity, environmental persistence, and potential for aerosol dissemination. Therefore, it is important to develop rapid and reliable methods for the detection and identification of this bacterium in clinical and environmental samples. One of the methods that can be used for this purpose is the biochemical test, which involves the analysis of the metabolic and enzymatic activities of the bacterium. In this article, we will review some of the biochemical characteristics of Burkholderia pseudomallei, focusing on its fermentation and enzymatic reactions.